By Kevin Ashman
In 1274, Edward the 1st governed England having inherited the crown from his father, Henry the 3rd. around the border to the west, the smaller kingdom of Wales used to be governed by way of Prince Llewellyn ap Gruffydd, an immediate descendant of Llewellyn the good.
Tensions have been strained among the 2 international locations and minor conflicts have been regular among the lesser nobles but if Edward figured out approximately Llewellyn’s proposed marriage to Eleanor du Montfort, the daughter of his deceased father’s maximum enemy, he was once incensed and in 1275 prepared for her send to be intercepted as she traveled from France to be with the Welsh Prince. Eleanor used to be imprisoned inflicting the connection among Edward and Llewellyn to go to pot even extra and in 1276, conflict broke out among the 2 international locations.
In 1277, Edward led a massive military into Wales and captured the Welsh harvest at the island of Ynys Mon, forcing the Welsh Prince to give up ahead of any significant conflict was once fought. Later that yr, the 2 males signed the treaty of Aberconwy the place Llewellyn surrendered regulate of lots of the nation in go back for preserving the lands of Gwynedd and the name, Prince of Wales. Edward was once happy and published Eleanor from felony to meet her marriage vows to Llewellyn and for the following few years, an uneasy peace existed among the 2 monarchs.
Despite the treaty, the folks of Wales have been nonetheless unsatisfied being governed by means of an English monarch and particularly the development of English castles at Flint, Rhuddlan, Builth Wells and Aberystwth. to that end an undercurrent of resistance progressively grew until eventually ultimately in 1282, a whole scale uprising opposed to Edward’s rule compelled the English King to invade Wales once again, simply this time with complete scale conquest as a target.
Despite a few preliminary setbacks, Edward’s military used to be finally effective and after numerous battles all through Wales, Prince Llewellyn used to be killed on the conflict of Orewen Bridge.Edward eventually realised the probability the Welsh posed and launched into an extraordinary construction programme around the state, together with the big castles at Caernarfon, Conway and Harlech, not only as bastions of army energy but additionally as a sign to the Welsh in regards to the futility of opposing his may perhaps.
These castles shaped the spine of his defences in Wales, an unassailable process of fortresses, every one designed to collectively help one another opposed to any chance from the Welsh.
They have been an emblem of his could, a procedure of invincible fortifications and in impact an impregnable ring of metal unassailable via any dwelling man…......
........or so he thought.......!